How to Drive on Icy Roads: Winter Driving Safety

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Driving the Straight Road


by Lauren Fix, The Car Coach®

winter driving tips

Image courtesy of www.allstate.com

 

The weather is so unpredictable and this time of year you never know when to expect black ice, heavy snow, icy roads or a mixture of road conditions.
So what do you do if you find yourself driving sideways?  If you have racing experience or been to a performance driving school is should be second nature.  What about everyone else?  Do you remember what you learned in driver’s education?  Or what you did last time you were in this uncomfortable situation?

Here are a few simple steps to help keep you on the road and less stressed.

How to Recover From Loss of Traction

Loss of vehicle traction, over slippery conditions or for whatever reason, is always dealt with in the same manner. The object is to maintain your original path by looking where you want your vehicle to stop, and resisting the natural urge to look at trees and other objects you don’t want to strike, including pedestrians.

Step 1

Understand that the process for recovering from a skid is the same for cars with front- or rear-wheel drive.

Step 2

Maintain eye contact with a safe area where you want your vehicle to go.

Step 3

Take your foot off both the gas and brake pedals immediately.

Step 4

Turn smoothly into the direction you want the car to go.

Do not slam on the brakes. Locked, sliding tires have no directional control.
Vehicles with ABS (Antilock Braking System) brakes can, in most situations, step lightly and keep constant pressure on the brake pedal.

How to Drive in Icy Conditions and Slides

 
The key to driving in icy conditions is to move slowly and brake gently.

Step 1

Use the defroster and windshield wipers for better visibility.

Step 2

Brakes are not your friend – the gas pedal will help you get away

Step 3

Give sufficient warning time to other drivers when turning, stopping or changing lanes.

Step 4

Keep plenty of distance between cars. You never know when you will hit an icy spot.

Step 5

If you do skid, turn the wheels into the direction of the skid.

Step 6

Keep in mind that melting ice is still slippery. Drive slowly so that your tires can push water through their grooves for better traction.

Tips & Warnings

* Four-wheel-drive cars maneuver better on snow, but that doesn’t mean they can stop quickly. Leave plenty of distance between you and other cars. If you pass the same landmark as the car in front of you within 3 seconds, you are following too closely.
* Put chains on your tires if they are required or recommended by local highway officials.
* Avoid cruise control when driving on ice

It can also be helpful to practice these techniques in an empty lot so when lose of traction happens to you – you will be prepared.